America loves its garage doors. More than 22,500 Americans are employed as mechanical door repairers. These people spend hours every week fixing garage doors.
But their services can be expensive and unnecessary. You can learn how to install garage doors in no time.
What kinds of doors should you find? How can you install the track in your garage? How do you tighten dangerous springs, and how can you test your doors?
Answer these questions and you can perform a garage door installation in your backyard today. Here are seven steps you should follow.
1. Select the Best Garage Door Replacement
Take measurements of your old door. Your replacement should be as close as possible to it, if not exactly like it. Measure the door from its structural members, not its trim pieces.
If you can’t find an exact replacement, select a smaller model. It will be easier to install than a larger one.
You should also measure the space where the door used to be. You need headroom so you can walk in without hurting yourself.
Take a look at where the track will go. The door needs enough room to roll out and lie down along your ceiling. If there are obstacles in the way, you need to remove them first.
You can buy a premade door, or you can get DIY garage door parts. A DIY garage door may be harder to install, but it is significantly cheaper.
2. Install Door Panels
Remove the old door along with its springs. You should also disconnect the track attached to it.
Be careful when disconnecting it. You don’t want to rip holes in your roof. Unscrew it and disassemble it outside.
You can now start constructing your new door. Attach a reinforcing bar to the top panel. Make sure it aligns with the center of the panel.
Secure the bar in place with some screws. Then attach hinges to the top of your panels.
Place the bottommost panel into your door opening. You can keep it straight by bending a nail over it. Attach the next panel over the hinges and repeat until all of them are attached to each other.
As you fit them in place, align them with your reinforcing bar. If you have trouble finding the center of your panels, measure the panels. Draw a line in chalk down their centers.
3. Create a Track
Place wheeled axles into the sides of your panels. This will help your door roll upward.
Your track contains vertical and horizontal pieces. Start by attaching brackets to the vertical components.
Each track is different, so look at your instruction manual. It will tell you where to put the brackets.
The wheels should lie on top of the track. You should then connect a cable through your panels. Your bottom panel has a place to store the end of the cable.
4. Install the Springs
Assemble your spring assembly according to your instruction manual. You should then attach it to the end of your track.
Attach the curved part of your track to the vertical piece. The spring assembly should be over the top of the curve.
Bolt the horizontal components of your track together. You can then screw on your spring anchors to the track. Once those are in place, you can attach the springs themselves.
Make sure the springs lock into place. Attach a cone over them so they can’t slide out.
5. Hitch the Pulley Wheel
The torsion rod bears the weight of the door and springs. Install side brackets into the sides of your door opening. The brackets should be lined up perfectly with each other.
Slide your torsion rod in. If your rod is crooked or bending, your door will fall apart. Adjust the brackets until your rod is straight.
Check to see that the center of your door lines up with the center of your rod. If it seems crooked, you may need to adjust your panels. Look carefully to see that they all fit on top of each other.
If everything is all set, you can attach your pulley wheel to the middle of your rod. This is the component that moves your door up and down. Tighten pliers around it so it won’t turn as you make final adjustments.
Attach the cable you put through your panels to the wheel. Turn the wheel a couple of times so the cable is taut.
6. Tighten the Springs
Draw small chalk lines on your springs. When you removed your old door, you had to loosen your springs by turning them a certain way. You can tighten them by doing the same process in reverse.
Watch for the lines as you turn your springs. Count how many times you see them.
You want your springs to have a moderate amount of tightness. They can snap if you turn them too many times.
Fit the springs into their anchors. You can remove the pliers from your torsion rod now.
7. Test the Door
You are not done with your door. If you have an operator support, you need to install it. Attach it to your track so it can pull your door up and down.
If you don’t have one, you should still test your door out. Lift it up, pull it down, and let it sit. Make sure it can withstand the wind and rain.
If it rattles, you may need to attach the panels tight together. If it lifts at an angle, you need to adjust the track and springs. Keep tinkering until everything is right.
The Essential Steps of How to Install Garage Doors
Look for the basic steps of how to install garage doors. Find a replacement with identical dimensions to your old door. Fit your panels together using hinges and the door frame itself.
Build a track with wheeled axles that attach to your panels. Install the springs and their anchors to the sides of your door frame.
Hitch your pulley wheel in place. Attach your door cable to the pulley.
Tighten the springs, then test out your door. Make sure it holds firm against the elements.
You can design everything yourself. Follow our coverage for more DIY construction guides.