Skin diseases are one of the four most common causes of illness in humans. But how do you recognize different skin diseases? And how can you protect your skin from these issues?
From acne to psoriasis, there are tons of skin conditions to be aware of. Read on to find out about the types of skin diseases you should be keeping an eye out for.
One of the most widespread types of skin condition is acne. This condition isn’t fun to look at, but it’s basically harmless. One common school of thought is that only teenagers get acne, but it actually occurs across age groups. Most acne is caused by skin follicles being clogged with oil.
Acne can be inflammatory or non-inflammatory. Some of the different types of non-inflammatory acne include blackheads and whiteheads. Inflammatory forms of acne include pustules, nodules, and cysts.
Sebaceous filaments are sometimes confused with some types of acne, but they are also not harmful for your health. However, they will require different forms of treatment, so you’ll want to make sure you know which you’re suffering from.
Skin cancer is one skin condition that you definitely need to keep an eye out for, since it can have a major impact on your health. There are different types of skin cancers, with different signs and symptoms. Some of the different, common types of skin cancer include:
- Basal cell carcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Merkel cell carcinoma
- Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
It’s important to get skin cancer treated quickly, so it doesn’t advance and jeopardize your life. If you suspect you may have skin cancer, you’ll want to ask your doctor or dermatologist to check you out as soon as possible.
If you get itchy patches on your skin, you may be suffering from psoriasis. It can affect basically any part of your body. Psoriasis is an autoimmune reaction. Your genetics may make you more susceptible to developing psoriasis.
How it’s treated will depend on what sort of psoriasis you have. There are different forms that psoriasis can take. Plaque psoriasis, for example, will appear as thick patches on your skin. Sebopsoriasis occurs mostly on your face and scalp, and may have a greasier appearance.
Eczema is one of the most common skin disease types. Essentially, eczema causes rashes all over different parts of your body. These rashes can be itchy and uncomfortable.
Eczema can eventually cause skin discoloration, particularly in people of color with darker skin. Depending on what causes your eczema, different treatments might ease the symptoms.
For example, if dry air makes your skin dryness worse, invests in a dehumidifier. Avoid soaps that contain fragrances or harsh chemicals. Cortisone creams can help relieve some of the symptoms of eczema.
Are patches of your skin losing pigmentation? You may be suffering from vitiligo. Usually, vitiligo begins with patches of lost pigmentation on your face, hands, and feet. Vitiligo may stay localized, it may advance to other parts of your body, or it may spread to your entire body.
This condition is rare, but it does occur in about one percent of the world’s population. Genetics increase your likelihood of developing vitiligo, as does certain autoimmune disorders. Vitiligo cannot be cured, but there are treatments available to reduce the appearance and spread of the condition.
Do you have particularly rosy cheeks? Rosacea could be the culprit. Rosacea causes redness in your face. It’s one of the most common skin diseases out there. Those with paler skin are more likely to develop rosacea, as are adults over thirty years of age.
Redness and flushing are the primary signs of rosacea, but other symptoms include eye irritation, dry skin, blood vessel visibility, and swelling. There are some forms of medication and surgery that can treat rosacea, but if your symptoms are minor you may want to simply cover up the redness with makeup.
Shingles, like the chickenpox, is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Chickenpox is most common in children, since it can be dangerous to have as an adult. Shingles occur in adults who previously had the chickenpox. If you see a blistering, red rash forming on your body, you may have shingles.
Shingles is particularly dangerous to senior citizens and people with compromised autoimmune systems, so it’s important to protect yourself from it. Luckily, shingles and the chickenpox are both preventable. You simply need to get the appropriate vaccine.
If you have a sudden rash after touching something unfamiliar, you may have acquired contact dermatitis. If you’ve been camping and accidentally touched poison oak or poison ivy, you probably have contact dermatitis. If you’re not sure what caused your contact dermatitis, your doctor may recommend an allergy test.
Contact dermatitis is easily treated. You can use antihistamines to reduce discomfort caused by contact dermatitis.
Alopecia is a condition that basically results in your hair falling out. There are several different forms of alopecia, but alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that specifically attacks your hair follicles. Alopecia can affect only the hair on your head, or it can affect the hair on your entire body.
Alopecia areata can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications, and by different types of hair regrowth treatments. However, this form of alopecia cannot be cured.
Fight Back Against These Types of Skin Diseases
Now that you know some of the different types of skin diseases, you’ll know how to keep your skin healthy and safe.
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